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We follow a Mastery approach to English through the programme ‘Pathways to Write.’ Units of work are delivered using high quality texts and children in all year groups are given varied opportunities for writing. Skills are built up through repetition within the units, and children apply these skills in the writing activities provided.  Many opportunities for widening children’s vocabulary are given through the Pathways to Write approach and this builds on the extensive work we do in school to provide our children with a rich and varied vocabulary.  

You will find the end of year expectations for writing, reading and spoken language for each of our year groups in the below documents. For further detail on the skills that your children are learning on a termly basis, please contact your class teacher.

At Knowsley Village Primary School writing lessons are something that our children relish. We use the challenging Pathways to Write programme to teach writing through exposure to a series of beautiful and engaging picture books and novels. These books form a basis for our children to learn about writing in a variety of genres and give the children a sense of genuine purpose for writing. Please click here to see an overview of the books our children read as part of Pathways to Write and the genres of writing we teach in each half-term across the school

Shared/Guided Writing

Throughout Key Stage 1 and 2, Shared Writing and Guided Writing take place.

Modelled Writing

Modelled Writing provides opportunities to demonstrate to children that the teacher is working with them.

Modelled Writing gives children the chance to:

  • See the process through which writers work
  • See that writing is an interactive process
  • Be reassured that writers’ make mistakes
  • Become aware of the process of editing
  • Develop confidence in using the process themselves

Independent Writing

Independent writing is always encouraged throughout the school.Children write independently every week.

Grammar and punctuation

This is developed throughout the school. Teachers though should also be guided by the needs of the children and the skills needed to foster an improvement in the children’s language. The teacher will decide whether Guided Groups or the whole class can benefit from the introduction of a new convention.


Encourage the children to have-a-go.


‘Have a go’ books/paper to try out spellings.

Guess spellings – child puts down how they think the word is spelt and underlines it to check it later.

Spelling lines – child puts down beginning/end letters eg. bread ~ br___/br__d.

Burst writing – child has to write as much as possible in a short period of time without worrying about spelling and punctuation.

Revise – redraft if appropriate

Who with?

  • Teacher
  • In pairs
  • With response partner
  • In groups
  • Whole class

Proof read

  • Check spelling and punctuation, layout and presentation

Function and Forms

  • Recording
  • Stories
  • Reporting
  • Poems
  • Narrating
  • Playscripts
  • Describing
  • Reports
  • Expressing feelings
  • Recipes
  • Informing
  • Letters
  • Explaining
  • Posters
  • Persuading
  • Pamphlets
  • Classifying
  • Newspapers
  • Speculating
  • Diaries
  • Instructing
  • Notes

All of these writing forms are included from Reception to Year 6.They are taught in line with the Primary National Curriculum 2014.

A variety of resources and teaching styles are used to ensure full coverage of all the range of Non-Narrative Writing.

Narrative Writing

Foundation Stage/Key Stage 1

  • This is taught in conjunction with a variety of publications, including Primary National Curriculum 2014, Read, Write, Inc.

Key Stage 2

  • This is taught in conjunction with a variety of publications, including Primary National Curriculum 2014, Read, Write, Inc.


Writing – Here are some important things to know that will help to improve writing:

Alliteration – The term used to describe a set of words that all begin with the same sound. Eg, Beautiful Buzzing Bee

Fiction – Fiction is an imaginative text that is made up by the writer.  Eg, story, poem, novel

Non-Fiction – Non-Fiction is a text that is factual.  Eg, dictionary, encyclopaedia

Glossary – A glossary is a list of words and their definitions, often found at the back of a Non-Fiction book

Dictionary – A dictionary is a book in which words are listed in alphabetical order and their meanings are explained.

Paragraph – A paragraph is a section within a piece of writing.  Each paragraph begins on a new line.  It shows a new piece of information or idea.

Sentence – A sentence is a group of words that make sense when read together.  A sentence must begin with a capital letter, contain at least one verb and end with a full stop.

Noun – A noun is the word used to identify a person, place, object or idea.  Common nouns refer to any of the above, whereas proper nouns refer to any particular person, place or idea.  Eg, Common Noun = glass, pen, girl   /    Proper Noun = Paul, Knowsley

Pronoun – A pronoun is a word used in the place of one or more nouns. Eg, It was almost noon when he was able to ask his friend if he had seen him.

Adjective – An adjective changes a noun or a pronoun.  It describes the colour, shape, size, what kind and how many.

Verb – A verb is a word that expresses action or a state of being.  The tense of the verb shows the time of the action or state.

Adverb – An adverb is used to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb.  It expresses where, when and how much.

Preposition – A preposition shows the relationship between an noun or pronoun and the rest of the sentence, making the meaning clearer. Eg, The car pulled up alongside the truck.

Connectives – A connective joins words or groups of words.

Time connective – A time connective joins two short sentences and gives a time frame.

Full stop ( . ) – Place a full stop at the end of a sentence that is not a direct question or exclamation.

Capital letter – Use a capital letter at the beginning of a sentence, for someone or somethings name.

Comma ( , ) – Use a comma to show a natural pause ina  sentence or to seperate three or more items in a list.

Exclamation mark ( ! ) – Use an exclamation markat the end of a sentence to show emotion such as anger, surprise or joy.

Colon ( ; ) – Use a colon before a list of items or an explanation or an example.

Quotation marks ( ”  ” ) – Use quotation marks to show direct speech.

Apostrophes ( ‘  ) – Use apostrophes where letters have been omitted or to indicate possession.

Question mark ( ? ) – Use a question mark at the end of a sentence to show that you are asking a question.

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